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Trip Planner Europe  /  The Netherlands  /  North Holland Province  /  Hoorn

Hoorn

3.5
Specialty Museums · Castles · Landmarks
Hoorn is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It is located on the Markermeer, 35 kilometres north of Amsterdam, and acquired city rights in 1357. Hoorn had a population of in. The area of the municipality is of which consists of water, mainly the Markermeer. The municipality consists of the following villages and/or districts: Blokker, Hoorn, Zwaag, and parts of Bangert and De Hulk.Cape Horn, the most southerly point of the Americas, was named after the town by Willem Schouten, who circled it in 1616. The Hoorn Islands of the Oceanian nation of Wallis and Futuna are also named after this city.EtymologyThe origin of the name Hoorn, even in old spelling Hoern or Hoirne, is surrounded in myths. Hoorn's name, according to Old Frisian legends, is derived from the stepson of King Redbad, called Hornus. Another story about the origin of the name is that it is derived from a sign depicting a post horn in an early 14th-century hanging outside one of the establishments situated on the Roode Steen Square. A third version says that the name was derived from the horn shape of one of its first ports. The author of the 'Origo Civitatis Hornensis' assumes that name Hoorn was derived from Damphoorn. Damphoorn is the medieval name for a weed that could be made into whistles, which grew in abundance in the area outside the dykes of Hoorn. Chronicler Velius rejects this statement because there are no old historical entries that Hoorn was called Damphoorn. He wrote: The name was from the start Hoorn: not derived from the weed Damphoorn, as the current sentiment holds . Velius also rejects the assertion that the name's origin is Dampter Horn: a neighbourhood of the village Dampten, which flooded and had fallen into disuse.
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